Office of the Registrar
Campus Address
Hanover, NH
Phone: (603) 646-xxxx
Fax: (603) 646-xxxx
Email: reg@Dartmouth.EDU

New Course Supplement 2016

LING 80.06 Tone

Over half of the world’s languages are tonal, making tone a crucial aspect of human language, and yet many researchers shy away from it or otherwise treat it as exotic. In addition to being found on almost every continent, from South America to Europe, tone also interfaces with nearly every component of grammar. As renowned tonologist Larry Hyman once wrote, “Tone can do everything that segmental and metrical phonology can do, but the reverse is not true.” Amazingly, all of this is achieved with just a single phonetic parameter: fundamental frequency, or pitch. In this seminar, we look at tone from all angles: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, typology, and even its interfaces with music. Readings range from foundational papers to cutting edge research. Students will choose a tone language to focus on throughout the quarter, culminating in an individual research project on a tone topic of their choice.

Distributive and/or World Culture


The Timetable of Class Meetings contains the most up-to-date information about a course. It includes not only the meeting time and instructor, but also its official distributive and/or world culture designation. This information supersedes any information you may see elsewhere, to include what may appear in this ORC/Catalog or on a department/program website. Note that course attributes may change term to term therefore those in effect are those (only) during the term in which you enroll in the course.